Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Stropheodonta gibbera brachiopod from the Boid d'Arc formation of Oklahoma

The highly convex shape of the shell of this next specimen is indicative of the species Stropheodonta gibbera. I collected it from the Bois d'Arc formation in Oklahoma. The shell is subrectangular in shape with a rounded anterior margin and straight hing line. The pedicle valve is very convex while the brachial valve is very concave. This arrangement of valves is typical of the class Strophomenata. The surface of both valves have fine costellae that have low relief and fine concentric growth lines. The strong convexity of the shell, which led to the specific name to be inspired by from the Latin word "gibbus", and the appearance of the costellae help distinguish this species from other, similar shells.

Pedicle valve
Brachial valve - filled with matrix

Here is a specimen from the Haragan formation that I blogged about before.

I found the specimen shown on this page in the Bois d'Arc formation (Cravatt member) near Clarita, OK which is Devonian in age (Lockhovian stage). The Bois d'Arc and Haragan formations interfinger with each other and are roughly the same age (Devonian, Lockhovian stage). They are both roughly correlative to the Helderberg fauna of New York and thus are contemporaneous with the Coyemans, Kalkberg and New Scotland formations.

"Stratigraphy and Paleontology of the Hunton Group in the Arbuckle Mountain Region, Part V - Bois d'Arc Articulate Brachiopods " Amsden, 1958, Oklahoma Geological Survey Bulletin 82

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